At first glance, you might think it’s a pumpkin or a sweet potato pie. Yet bean pies, a unique specialty in some Black American Muslim communities, are made with creamy navy beans, spices, and a whole-wheat crust.
The sweet pies, sold for fundraising and at bakeries across the United States, can be traced to the writings of the Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad, who in two books laid out guidelines for a healthful diet, excluding pork and sweet potatoes. In a short documentary on bean pie, historian Zaheer Ali notes that the strictures against certain foods were also meant to reject those associated with enslavement, sweet potatoes among them. So the bean pie became a tasty alternative. Some say the original bean pie was invented by Elijah Muhammad’s daughter, while others maintain it was the creation of Lana Shabazz, Muhammad Ali’s cook.
Though its origins are linked to the Nation of Islam—now classified as a hate group for the anti-Semitic and homophobic statements of its leaders—the bean pie is now embraced by the wider Black American Muslim community. The pies come in full family sizes, but also in single servings, tightly wrapped in plastic.